Because the entries of the dictionary can provide only the most basic information about any item in the vast body of the world’s sacred music, the bibliography directs the reader to sources of more detailed and deeper treatments. To this end, the bibliography is organized in top-down fashion, beginning with the most general references about music and religion taken separately, proceeding through general histories of music and histories, dictionaries, and bibliographies of sacred music. Then come biographies and studies of sacred music of specific traditions (e.g., Lutheranism). The last sections, not being strictly bibliographical, are more general: important collections of sacred music, discographies, and electronic sources. Inevitably some items do not fall neatly into any category, or might have fitted sensibly into more than one, e.g., Allan Ho and Dmitry Feofanov’s Biographical Dictionary of Russian/Soviet Composers, which might have been listed in the Dictionaries and Biblographies of Sacred Music rather than Studies within Specific Traditions / Byzantine and Orthodox, where it is found, since nearly all of the composers found there would have written in that specific tradition. To avoid double listings and include as many sources as possible, I hope that the reader may check all plausible subheadings.
   The criteria for inclusion begin with the obvious ones of the authors’ and publishers’ reputations in the various subfields of sacred music. Beyond that I (and the series editor) preferred to include more recent works rather than older ones, works in English, and books rather than articles. Exceptions are made to each of these criteria at times, of course. Some specialized areas have been but little studied as yet, and one must take what one can get. Classic studies and standard references deserve a place almost regardless of their age, and sometimes older editions contain valuable information not retained in later ones, e.g., The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1907. []. Not listed are doctoral dissertations, because they are not nearly as accessible to readers as books, but they nevertheless contain many excellent specialized studies of sacred music (see Adkins, Doctoral Dissertations in Musicology in the General References on Music and at Not listed are items written in languages other than those of standard western musicology: English above all, German, French, Italian, Latin, and Spanish. This obviously limits the bibliographies of the non-Western sacred musics; I hope that the interested reader who knows those languages can use the English-language items as stepping stones to publications written in them. For English speakers, the most useful of the General References to be found in most libraries are The New Grove, a music encyclopedia of 29 volumes, recently revised and updated, the RILM index of periodical literature, the RISM catalog of musical sources, and Baker’s biographical dictionaries.
   Both practitioners and scholars of sacred music must understand at least in its fundamentals the religious tradition to which that music belongs. The General References on Religion provides the standard references for each of the world’s major religions, as well as some general references useful for comparing across religions. Histories of Music Comprising Sacred Music combines two kinds of books: those concentrating on sacred music not limited to a specific religious tradition, e.g., Stephen A. Marini’s Sacred Song in America: Religion, Music, and Public Culture, and more general histories of music whose purview would automatically include significant emphasis on sacred music. Of these, Alan Atlas’s Renaissance Music, Richard Crawford’s America’s Musical Life, Richard Hoppin’s Medieval Music, Eileen Southern’s The Music of Black Americans, Reinhard Strom’s The Rise of European Music, 1380–1500, and Peter Williams’ The Organ in Western Culture would provide good starting points for most topics in sacred music of the west.
   Items concentrating on sacred music whose titles contain the words "bibliography," "dictionary," or "encyclopedia" should be found in Dictionaries and Bibliographies of Sacred Music, although there are other items, such as catalogs, if they do not focus on one religious tradition. Sectarian items, such as handbooks for hymnals, are found further on in Studies within Specific Traditions. The biographical section includes principally composers but also anyone who has influenced the course of sacred music history, e.g., Prosper Guéranger. It has a subheading for each person with three or more entries. Items about less significant personages are grouped together under "Others," listed alphabetically by author as usual. In recent years have appeared a great number of books devoted to single works, such as the Mass in B Minor of J. S. Bach, and these are duly listed, especially if there is a corresponding entry in the historical dictionary. Of particular interest to scholars are the "Guides to Research" for individual composers, usually published by Garland Press but occasionally by Routledge and others. The Cambridge Handbooks are also excellent bibliographical references.
   It only made sense to subdivide by religious tradition the Studies within Specific Traditions. Because of all the sacred musics it prizes written notation, Christian music naturally has been studied the most. This vast literature is further subdivided by sect (e.g., Roman Catholic, Byzantine, etc.) or other convenient grouping (e.g., American Protestant) when the sects become too small. This is the best section to locate studies of non-Western sacred musics, e.g., Islamic.
   The bibliography concludes with resources that are not books, strictly speaking: important collections of music, including complete works collections of major composers; discographies, including some general guides and discographies of specific composers of important sacred works; and internet sites, some of which correspond to the most important general references (e.g., RISM).
■ Adkins, Cecil, and Alis Dickinson. Doctoral Dissertations in Musicology. 2nd series. 1st cumulative ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Musicological Society; Basel: International Musicological Society, 1990. Supplements, 1991.
■ Arom, Simha. African Polyphony and Polyrhythm: Musical Structure and Methodology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991.
■ Benjamin, Thomas. The Craft of Tonal Counterpoint. New York: Routledge, 2003. Cohen, Aaron I. International Encyclopedia of Women Composers. 2nd ed., vol. 1. New York: Books and Music, 1987.
■ De Lerma, Dominique-René. A Bibliography of Black Music. 4 vols. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1981–1984.
■ Duckles, Vincent H., and Ida Reed. Music Reference and Research Materials: An Annotated Bibliography. 5th ed. New York: Schirmer, 1997.
■ Finscher, Ludwig. Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart: allgemeine Enzyklopädie der Musik. 2nd ed., rev. 20 vols. Kassel, Germany: Bärenreiter, 1994–2004.
■ The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music. James Porter and Timothy Rice, eds. 10 vols. New York: Routledge, 1997–2002.
■ Griffiths, Paul. Thames and Hudson Encyclopedia of Twentieth Century Music. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1986.
■ Kennedy, Michael, and Joyce Bourne. The Oxford Dictionary of Music. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
■ Randel, Don Michael. The New Harvard Dictionary of Music. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1986.
■ Répertoire International de Littérature Musicale. RILM Abstracts of Music Literature. New York: International RILM Center, 1967– . Vol. 1.
■ Répertoire International des Sources Musicales [RISM]. Munich: G. Henle, 1960–.
■ Sadie, Julie Anne, and Rhian Samuel. The New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. London: Macmillan, 1994.
■ Sadie, Stanley. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. 29 vols. New York: Macmillan, 2001.
■ Slonimsky, Nicolas. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. New York: Schirmer, 1991.
■ Slonimsky, Nicolas, Laura Diane Kuhn, and Nicholas Slonimsky. Baker’s Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. 6 vols. New York: Schirmer, 2001.
■ Bowker, John, ed. The Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
■ Eliade, Mircea, et al., eds. The Encyclopedia of Religion. New York: Macmillan, 1987.
■ Festivals and Holidays. New York: Macmillan Library Reference USA, 1999.
■ Johnston, William M., ed. Recent Reference Books in Religion: A Guide for Students, Scholars, Researchers, Buyers & Readers. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1998.
■ Smith, Jonathan Z., et al., eds. The HarperCollins Dictionary of Religion. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco, 1995.
I. Buddhism
■ Bunce, Fredrick W. A Dictionary of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography, Illustrated: Objects, Devices, Concepts, Rites, and Related Terms. New Delhi: D. K. Printworld, 1997.
■ Keown, Damien. A Dictionary of Buddhism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
■ Murthy, K. Krishna. A Dictionary of Buddhist Terms and Terminologies. New Delhi: Sundeep Praskashn, 1999.
■ Prebish, Charles. S. A Historical Dictionary of Buddhism. Metuchen, N. J.: Scarecrow, 1993.
■ Singh, Nagendra Kumar, ed. International Encyclopedia of Buddhism. New Delhi: Anmol Publications, 1996.
II. Christianity
■ Andrews, Dean Timothy. The Eastern Orthodox Church: A Bibliography. 2nd ed. Brookline, Mass.: Holy Cross Orthodox Theological School, 1957.
■ Balmer, Randall, and John R. Fitzmier. The Presbyterians.Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993.
■ Bard Thompson. Liturgies of the Western Church. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1961. Rpt. 1980.
■ Blumhofer, Edith, and Randall H. Balmer. Modern Christian Revivals. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1993.
■ Blumhofer, Edith L., et al., eds. Pentecostal Currents in American Protestantism. Urbana, Ill.: University of Illinois Press, 1999.
■ Bodensieck, Julius, ed. The Encyclopedia of the Lutheran Church. Minneapolis: Augsburg, 1965.
■ Brockway, Robert W. A Wonderful Work of God: Puritanism and the Great Awakening. Bethlehem, Pa.: Lehigh University Press; London: Associated University Presses, 2003.
■ Carlen, Claudia, ed. The Papal Encyclicals. Ann Arbor: Pierian Press, 1990.
■ Clark, Stephen R. L. God’s World and the Great Awakening. Oxford: Clarendon Press and Oxford University Press, 1991.
■ Constantelos, Demetrio J. Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church: Its Faith, History, and Practice. New York: Seabury Press, 1982.
■ Cross. F. L., and E. A. Livingstone, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church. 2nd edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1958, 1983.
■ Crumb, Lawrence N. The Oxford Movement and its Leaders: A Bibliography of Secondary and Lesser Primary Sources. Metuchen, N. J.: Scarecrow, 1988.
■ Di Berardino, Angelo, ed. Encyclopedia of the Early Church. Trans. Adrian Walford. New York: Oxford University Press, 1992.
■ Elliot, Peter J. Ceremonies of the Modern Roman Rite: The Eucharist and the Liturgy of the Hours. San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1995.
■ Ellis, Jane. The Russian Orthodox Church: A Contemporary History. Bloomington, Ind.: Indiana University Press, 1986.
■ Farmer, David H. The Oxford Dictionary of Saints. 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
■ Farmer, David H. and Paul Burns. Butler’s Lives of the Saints. 12 vols. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 1995–2000.
■ Fennell, John L. I. A History of the Russian Church to 1448. London: Longman, 1995.
■ Frey, Sylvia R., and BettyWood. Come Shouting to Zion: African American Protestantism in the American South and British Caribbean to 1830. Chapel Hill, N.C.: University of North Carolina Press, 1998.
■ Gallagher, Edward J., and Thomas Werge. Early Puritan Writers: A Reference Guide. Boston: G. K. Hall, 1976.
■ Gamber, Klaus. The Reform of the Roman Liturgy: Its Problems and Background. San Juan Capistrano: Una Voce Press, 1993.
■ General Instruction of the Roman Missal. Washington, D.C.: United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 2003.
■ Glazier, Michael, and Thomas J. Shelley, eds. The Encyclopedia of American Catholic History. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 1997.
■ Herbermann, Charles G., et al., eds. The Catholic Encyclopedia; An International Work of Reference on the Constitution, Doctrine, Discipline, and History of the Catholic Church. New York: Appleton, 1907–1914.
■ Jedin, Hubert. Ecumenical Councils of the Catholic Church. New York: Herder and Herder, 1960.
■ Johnson, Paul E., ed. African-American Christianity: Essays in History. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1994.
■ Jungmann, Josef. A. Missarum Sollemnia: Eine genetische Erklärung der römischen Messe. Vienna: Herder, 1949. Trans. The Mass of the Roman Rite. Westminster, Md.: Christian Classics, 1951. Rpt. 1986.
■ Kazhdan, Alexander. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991. (vol. 1, 507; vol. 2, 1354–1355).
■ Lang, Jovian P. Dictionary of the Liturgy. New York: Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1989.
■ New Catholic Encyclopedia. 2nd ed. Detroit: Thompson/Gale; Washington, D. C.: Catholic University, 2003–.
■ Nockles, Peter B. The Oxford Movement in Context: Anglican High Churchmanship, 1760–1857. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
■ Pettegree, Andrew, Alastair Duke, and Gillian Lewis, eds. Calvinism in Europe, 1540–1620. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
■ Pfaff, Richard W. Medieval Latin Liturgy: A Select Bibliography. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1982.
■ Prokurat, Michael, Alexander Golitzin, and Michael D. Peterson, eds. A Historical Dictionary of the Orthodox Church. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 1996.
■ Robinson, Thomas A., et al. The Early Church: An Annotated Bibliography of Literature in English. Metuchen, N. J.: Scarecrow, 1993.
■ Scribner, William, et al. Anthology of Presbyterian & Reformed Literature. 5 vols. Dallas, Tex.: Naphtali Press, 1988–1992.
■ Spurr, John. English Puritianism, 1603–1689. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.
■ Stelton, Leo F. Dictionary of Ecclesiastical Latin: With an Appendix of Latin Expressions Defined and Clarified. Peabody, Mass.: Hendrickson, 1995.
■ Taft, Robert, S. J. The Liturgy of the Hours in East and West. Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1986.
■ White, James F. Roman Catholic Worship: Trent to Today. Collegeville, Minn.: Liturgical Press, 2003.
■ Wilson, John Frederick. Religion and the American Nation: Historiography and History. Athens, Ga.: University of Georgia Press, 2003.
III. Hinduism
■ Bunce, Fredrick W. A Dictionary of Buddhist and Hindu Iconography, Illustrated: Objects, Devices, Concepts, Rites, and Related Terms. New Delhi: D. K. Printworld, 1997.
■ Garg, Ram Ganga, gen. ed. Encyclopaedia of the Hindu World. New Delhi: Concept 1992.
■ Lochtefeld, James G. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism. New York: Rosen, 2002.
■ Pruthi, Raj Kumar, and Rameshwari Devi, eds. Encyclopaedia of Indian Society and Culture. Jaipur, India: Mangal Deep Publications, 2002.
■ Soundara, Rajan. Concise Classified Dictionary of Hinduism. New Dehli: Concept, 2001.
■ Sullivan, Bruce M. Historical Dictionary of Hinduism. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 1997.
■ William, George M. Handbook of Hindu Mythology. Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABCCLIO, 2003.
IV. Islam
■ Adamec, Ludwig W. A Historical Dictionary of Islam. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press 2001.
■ Bearman, Peri J., ed. The Encyclopaedia of Islam. 5th ed. Leiden: Brill, 2003.
■ Douglass, Susan L., ed. The Rise and Spread of Islam, 622–1500. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001.
■ Esposito, John L., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
■ Esposito, John L., ed. in chief. The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern Islamic World. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
■ Geddes, Charles L. An Analytical Guide to the Bibliographies on Islam, Muhammed, and the Qu’rān. Denver, Colo.: American Institute of Islamic Studies, 1973.
■ Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, et al., eds. The Islamic Revival Since 1988: A Critical Survey and Bibliography. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1997.
■ Index Islamicus. East Grinstead, West Sussex, UK: Bowker-Saur, 1994– .
■ Martin, Richard C., ed. The Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003.
■ Nanji, Azim. The Muslim Almanac: A Reference Work on the History, Faith, Culture, and Peoples of Islam. Detroit: Gale Research, 1996.
■ Taher, Mohamed. Encyclopaedic Survey of Islamic Culture. New Delhi: Anmol Publications, 1997–.
■ Winchester, Faith. Muslim Holidays. Mankato, Minn: Bridgestone Books, 1999.
V. Judaism
■ De Lange, Nicholas R. M. Atlas of the Jewish World. New York: Facts on File, 1984.
■ Griffiths, David B. A Critical Bibliography of Writings on Judaism. Lewiston, N. Y.: E. Mellen Press, 1988.
■ Jacobs, Louis. The Jewish Religion: A Companion. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1995.
■ Karkhanis, Sharad. Jewish Heritage in America: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland, 1988.
■ Lemche, Niels Peter. Historical Dictionary of Ancient Israel. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow, 2004.
■ Nadell, Pamela Susan. Conservative Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. New York: Greenwood, 1988.
■ Nulman, Macy. The Encyclopedia of Jewish Prayer: Ashkenazic and Sephardic Rites. Northvale, N. J.: Jason Aronson, 1993.
■ Olitzky, Kerry M., et al., eds. Reform Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1993.
■ Roth, Norman, ed. Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge, 2003.
■ Sherman, Moshe D. Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1996.
■ Werblowsky, R. J. Zwi, and Geoffrey Wigoder, eds. The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion. New York: Oxford University Press, 1997.
■ Wigoder, Geoffrey, ed. in chief. The New Encyclopedia of Judaism. New York: New York University Press, 2002.
VI. Other
■ Bretzke, James T. Bibliography on East Asian Religion and Philosophy. Lewiston, N. Y.: E. Mellen Press, 2001.
■ Glazier, Stephen D., ed. The Encyclopedia of African and African-American Religions. New York: Routledge, 2000.
■ Hirschfelder, Arlene. Encyclopedia of Native American Religions. New York: Facts on File, 2000.
■ Lopez, Donald S. Religions of China in Practice. Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1996.
■ McGreal, Ian P., ed. Great Thinkers of the Eastern World: The Major Thinkers and the Philosophical and Religious Classics of China, India, Japan, Korea, and the World of Islam. New York: HarperCollins, 1995.
■ Melton, J. Gordon. The Encyclopedia of American Religions. 7th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2003.
■ Murphy, Larry G., J. Gordon Melton, and Gary L. Ward, eds. Encyclopedia of African American Religions. New York: Garland, 1993.
■ Queen, Edward L. II, Stephen R. Prothero, and Gardiner H. Shattuck, Jr. Encyclopedia of American Religious History. New York: Facts on File, 2001.
■ Schwade, Arcadio. Shintō Bibliography in Western Languages: Bibliography on Shintö and Religious Sects, Intellectual Schools and Movements Influenced by Shintöism. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1986.
■ Yao, Xinzhong, ed. RoutledgeCurzon Encyclopedia of Confucianism. London: Routledge, 2003.
Histories of Music Comprising Sacred Music
■ Apel, Willi. The History of Keyboard Music to 1700. Trans. and rev. Hans Tischler. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1972.
■ Atlas, Alan. Renaissance Music: Music in Western Europe 1400–1600. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.
■ Badin, Paul. Ricercar. Coaraze: Amourier, 2000.
■ Béhague, Gerard. Music in Latin America: An Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1979.
■ Bernstein, Jane A. Print Culture and Music in Sixteenth-Century Venice. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
■ Brooks, Tilford. America’s Black Musical Heritage. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1984.
■ Buelow, George J. A History of Baroque Music. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2004.
■ Butt, John and Tim Carter, eds. The Cambridge History of Seventeenth-Century Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
■ Chase, Gilbert. America’s Music: From the Pilgrims to the Present. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1987.
■ ———. A Guide to the Music of Latin America. 2nd ed.Washington, D. C.: Library of Congress and the Pan American Union, 1962.
■ Christensen, Thomas S. The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
■ Cook, Nicholas, and Anthony Pople, eds. The Cambridge History of Twentieth-Century Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
■ Crawford, Richard. America’s Musical Life: A History. New York: Norton, 2001.
■ Crocker, Richard, and David Hiley. The Early Middle Ages to 1300. New York: Oxford University Press, 1990.
■ Cusic, Don. The Sound of Light: A History of Gospel and Christian Music. Milwaukee, Wis.: Hal Leonard, 2002,
■ Ellinwood, Leonard. The History of American Church Music. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.
■ Everist, Mark. Music Before 1600. Oxford: Blackwell Reference, 1992.
■ Foley, Edward. Foundations of Christian Music. Chicago: Liturgical Press, 1996.
■ Gangwere, Blanche M. Music History from the Late Roman through the Gothic Periods, 313–1425: A Documented Chronology. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1986.
■ Gangwere, Blanche M. Music History during the Renaissance Period, 1425–1520: A Documented Chronology. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1991.
■ Godwin, Joscelyn. The Harmony of the Spheres: A Sourcebook of the Pythagorean Tradition in Music. Rochester, Vt.: Inner Traditions International, 1993.
■ Grout, Donald J., and Claude V. Palisca. A History of Western Music. 6th ed. (1st ed., 1960). New York: W. W. Norton, 2001.
■ Harper, John. The Forms and Orders of Western Liturgy from the Tenth to the Eighteenth Century: A Historical Introduction and Guide for Students and Musicians. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991.
■ Hitchcock, H. Wiley. Music in the United States: A Historical Introduction. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall, 1988.
■ Hoppin, Richard. Medieval Music. New York: W. W. Norton, 1978.
■ Hughes, Andrew. Style and Symbol in Medieval Music, 800–1453. Ottawa: Institute of Medieval Music, 1989.
■ Hyatt King, Alec. Four Hundred Years of Music Printing. London: BritishMuseum, 1964.
■ Kavanaugh, Patrick. The Music of the Angels: A Listener’s Guide to Sacred Music from Chant to Christian Rock. Chicago: Loyola Press, 1999.
■ Kmetz, John. Music in the German Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.
■ Landels, John G. Music in Ancient Greece and Rome. London: Routledge, 1999.
■ Landon, H. C. Robbins, and John Julius Norwich. Five Centuries of Music in Venice. New York: Schirmer, 1991.
■ Lang, Paul Henry. Music in Western Civilization. New York: W. W. Norton, 1941.
■ Launay, Denise. La Musique Religieuse en France du Concile de Trente à 1804. Paris: Société Française de Musicologie, 1993.
■ Marini, Stephen A. Sacred Song in America: Religion, Music, and Public Culture. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.
■ Mayer-Serra, Otto. Música y músicos de Latinoamérica. 2 vols.Mexico City: Editorial Atlante, 1947.
■ Morgan, Robert P. Twentieth Century Music. New York: Norton, 1991.
■ The New Oxford History of Music. 10 vols. London: Oxford University Press, 1954–90.
■ Owen, Barbara. The Registration of Baroque Organ Music. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997.
■ Pahlen, Kurt, et al. The World of the Oratorio: Oratorio, Mass, Requiem, Te Deum, Stabat Mater, and Large Cantatas. Portland, Ore.: Amadeus, 1990.
■ Price, Curtis A. The Early Baroque Era: From the Late 16th Century to the 1660s. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice Hall, 1993.
■ Quasten, Johannes. Music and Worship in Pagan and Christian Antiquity. Washington, D. C.: Catholic University Press, 1983.
■ Rice, John A. Empress Marie Therese and Music at the Viennese Court, 1792–1807. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
■ Routley, Erik. Twentieth Century Church Music. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
■ Samson, Jim, ed. The Cambridge History of Nineteenth-Century Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.
■ Sitsky, Larry. Music of the Twentieth-Century Avant-garde: A Biocritical Sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 2002.
■ Smither, Howard E. A History of the Oratorio. Chapel Hill: University of Northern Carolina Press, 1977.
■ Southern, Eileen. The Music of Black Americans: A History. 3rd ed. New York: Norton, 1977.
■ Stevenson, Robert. A Guide to Caribbean Music History. Lima: Ediciones "CULTURA," 1975.
■ ———. Latin American Colonial Anthology. Washington, D. C.: Organization of American States, 1975.
■ ———. The Music of Peru. Washington, D. C.: Pan American Union, 1960.
■ Strimple, Nick. Choral Music in the Twentieth Century. Portland, Ore.: Amadeus Press, 2002.
■ Strohm, Reinhard. The Rise of European Music, 1380–1500. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
■ Strohm, Reinhard, and Bonnie Blackburn. Music as Concept and Practice in the Late Middle Ages. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
■ Strunk, Oliver, and Leo Treitler. Source Readings in Music History. 1st ed.: 1950. Rev. ed. New York: W. W. Norton, 1998.
■ Taruskin, Richard. Oxford History of Western Music. 6 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.
■ Thistlethwaite, Nicholas. The Making of the Victorian Organ. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
■ Tokita, Alison McQueen, and David W. Hughes, eds. Japanese Music. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
■ Ulrich, Homer. A Survey of Choral Music. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1973.
■ White, John D. Theories of Musical Texture in Western History. New York: Garland, 1995.
■ Williams, Peter. The Organ in Western Culture. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
■ Wilson-Dickson, Andrew. The Story of Christian Music: From Gregorian Chant to Black Gospel. Oxford: Lion, 1992.
■ Yudkin, Jeremy. Music in Medieval Europe. Englewood Cliffs, N. J.: Prentice-Hall, 1989.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.